Skinner, L. C., F. Muschitiello, and A. E. Scrivner (2019), Marine Reservoir Age Variability Over the Last Deglaciation: Implications for Marine CarbonCycling and Prospects for Regional Radiocarbon Calibrations, Paleoceanography and Paleoclimatology, 34(11), 1807-1815, doi: 10.1029/2019pa003667.

Ezat, M.M., Rasmussen, T.L., Skinner, L.C., Zamelczyk, K. (2019). Deep ocean 14C ventilation age reconstructions from the Arctic Mediterranean reassessed. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 518, 67-75.

Waelbroeck, C., et al. (2019). Consistently dated Atlantic sediment cores over the last 40 thousand years. Scientific data 6, 165.

Gottschalk, J., Battaglia, G., Fischer, H., Frölicher, T.L., Jaccard, S.L., Jeltsch-Thömmes, A., Joos, F., Köhler, P., Meissner, K.J., Menviel, L., Nehrbass-Ahles, C., Schmitt, J., Schmittner, A., Skinner, L.C., Stocker, T.F. (2019). Mechanisms of millennial-scale atmospheric CO2 change in numerical model simulations. Quat. Sci. Rev. 220, 30-74.

Muschitiello, F., D’Andrea, W.J., Schmittner, A., Heaton, T.J., Balascio, N.L., deRoberts, N., Caffee, M.W., Woodruff, T.E., Welten, K.C., Skinner, L.C., Simon, M.H., Dokken, T.M. (2019). Deep-water circulation changes lead North Atlantic climate during deglaciation. Nature Communications 10.

Skinner, L., Sadekov, A., Brandon, M., Greaves, M., Plancherel, Y., de la Fuente, M., Gottschalk, J., Souanef-Ureta, S. and Scrivner, A.E. (2019) Rare Earth Elements in the service of palaeoceanography: a novel microanalysis approach. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 245, 118-132.


Tzedakis, P.C., Drysdale, R.N., Margari, V., Skinner, L.C., Menviel, L., Rhodes, R.H., Taschetto, A.S., Hodell, D.A., Crowhurst, S.J., Hellstrom, J.C., Fallick, A.E., Grimalt, J.O., McManus, J.F., Martrat, B., Mokeddem, Z., Parrenin, F., Regattieri, E., Roe, K. and Zanchetta, G. (2018) Enhanced climate instability in the North Atlantic and southern Europe during the Last Interglacial. Nature Communications 9, 4235.

Muglia, J., Skinner, L.C. and Schmittner, A. (2018) Weak overturning circulation and high Southern Ocean nutrient utilization maximized glacial ocean carbon. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 496, 47-56.

Gottschalk, J., Hodell, D.A., Skinner, L.C., Crowhurst, S.J., Jaccard, S.L. and Charles, C. (2018) Past Carbonate Preservation Events in the Deep Southeast Atlantic Ocean (Cape Basin) and Their Implications for Atlantic Overturning Dynamics and Marine Carbon Cycling. Paleoceanography and Paleoclimatology 33, 643-663.

Dixit, Y., Hodell, D.A., Giesche, A., Tandon, S.K., Gázquez, F., Saini, H.S., Skinner, L.C., Mujtaba, S.A.I., Pawar, V., Singh, R.N. and Petrie, C.A. (2018) Intensified summer monsoon and the urbanization of Indus Civilization in northwest India. Scientific Reports 8, 4225.

Channell, J.E.T., Hodell, D.A., Crowhurst, S.J., Skinner, L.C. and Muscheler, R. (2018) Relative paleointensity (RPI) in the latest Pleistocene (10–45 ka) and implications for deglacial atmospheric radiocarbon. Quat. Sci. Rev. 191, 57-72.

Roberts, J., Kaczmarek, K., Langer, G., Skinner, L.C., Bijma, J., Bradbury, H., Turchyn, A.V., Lamy, F. and Misra, S. (2018) Lithium isotopic composition of benthic foraminifera: A new proxy for paleo-pH reconstruction. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 236, 336-350.

Magill, C.R., Ausin B., WenkP., McIntyre C., SkinnerL.C., Martinez-Garcia A., HodellD.A., Haug G.H., Kenney W., and Eglinton T.I. (2018) Transient hydrodynamic effects influence organic carbon signatures in marine sediments, Nature Communications 9, 4690, DOI: 10.1038/s41467-018-06973-w.


Skinner, L.C., Primeau, F., Freeman, E., de la Fuente, M., Goodwin, P., Gottschalk, J., Huang, E., McCave, I.N., Noble, T. and Scrivner, A.E. (2017) Radiocarbon constraints on the ‘glacial’ ocean circulation and its impact on atmospheric CO2. Nature Communications, 8.

de la Fuente, M., Calvo, E., Skinner, L., Pelejero, C., Evans, D., Müller, W., Povea, P. and Cacho, I. (2017) The Evolution of Deep Ocean Chemistry and Respired Carbon in the Eastern Equatorial Pacific Over the Last Deglaciation. Paleoceanography 32, 1371-1385.

Ezat, M.M., Rasmussen, T.L., Thornalley, D.J.R., Olsen, J., Skinner, L.C., Hönisch, B. and Groeneveld, J. (2017) Ventilation history of Nordic Seas overflows during the last (de)glacial period revealed by species-specific benthic foraminiferal 14C dates. Paleoceanography 32, 172-181.

Channell, J.E.T., Vázquez Riveiros, N., Gottschalk, J., Waelbroeck, C. and Skinner, L.C. (2017) Age and duration of Laschamp and Iceland Basin geomagnetic excursions in the South Atlantic Ocean. Quat. Sci. Rev. 167, 1-13.


Soulet, G., Skinner, L., Beaupre, S.R. and Galy, V. (2016) A Note on Reporting of Reservoir 14C Disequilibria and Age Offsets. Radiocarbon 57.

Roberts, J., Gottschalk, J., Skinner, L.C., Peck, V.L., Kender, S., Elderfield, H., Waelbroeck, C., Riveiros, N.V. and Hodell, D.A. (2016) Evolution of South Atlantic density and chemical stratification across the last deglaciation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 1-6.

Gottschalk, J., Vázquez Riveiros, N., Waelbroeck, C., Skinner, L.C., Michel, E., Duplessy, J.-C., Hodell, D. and Mackensen, A. (2016) Carbon isotope offsets between benthic foraminifer species of the genus Cibicides (Cibicidoides) in the glacial sub-Antarctic Atlantic. Paleoceanography 31, 1583-1602.

Gottschalk, J., Skinner, L.C., Lippold, J., Vogel, H., Frank, N., Jaccard, S.L. and Waelbroeck, C. (2016) Biological and physical controls in the Southern Ocean on past millennial-scale atmospheric CO2 changes. Nature Communications 7, 11539.

Freeman, E., Skinner, L., Waelbroeck, C. and Hodell, D. (2016) Radiocarbon evidence for enhanced respired carbon storage in the deep Atlantic at the Last Glacial Maximum. Nature Communications 7.

Freeman, E., Skinner, L., Reimer, R., Scrivner, A. and Fallon, S. (2016) Graphitization of Small Carbonate Samples for Paleoceanographic Research at the Godwin Radiocarbon Laboratory, University of Cambridge. Radiocarbon 57, 1-10.

Birner, B., Hodell, D.A., Tzedakis, P.C. and Skinner, L.C. (2016) Similar millennial climate variability on the Iberian margin during two early Pleistocene glacials and MIS 3. Paleoceanography 31, 203-217.

PIGS Members (2016) Interglacials of the last 800,000 years. Reviews of Geophysics, 54 (1). pp. 162-219. ISSN 8755-1209 DOI 10.1002/2015RG000482


Thornalley, D.J.R., Bauch, H.A., Gebbie, G., Guo, W., Ziegler, M., Bernasconi, S.M., Barker, S., Skinner, L.C. and Yu, J. (2015) A warm and poorly ventilated deep Arctic Mediterranean during the last glacial period. Science 349, 706-710.

Skinner, L., McCave, I.N., Carter, L., Fallon, S., Scrivner, A. and Primeau, F. (2015) Reduced ventilation and enhanced magnitude of the deep Pacific carbon pool during the last glacial period. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 411, 45-52.

Hodell, D., et al. (2015) A reference time scale for Site U1385 (Shackleton Site) on the SW Iberian Margin. Global Planet. Change 133, 49-64.

Grunert, P., Skinner, L., Hodell, D.A. and Piller, W.E. (2015) A micropalaeontological perspective on export productivity, oxygenation and temperature in NE Atlantic deep-waters across Terminations I and II. Global Planet. Change 131, 174-191.

Gottschalk, J., Skinner, L.C. and Waelbroeck, C. (2015) Contribution of seasonal sub-Antarctic surface water variability to millennial-scale changes in atmospheric CO2 over the last deglaciation and Marine Isotope Stage 3. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 411, 87-99.

Gottschalk, J., Skinner, L.C., Misra, S., Waelbroeck, C., Menviel, L. and Timmermann, A. (2015) Abrupt changes in the southern extent of North Atlantic Deep Water during Dansgaard-Oeschger events. Nature Geoscience 8, 950-954.

Freeman, E., Skinner, L.C., Tisserand, A., Dokken, T., Timmermann, A., Menviel, L. and Friedrich, T. (2015) An Atlantic-Pacific ventilation seesaw across the last deglaciation. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 424, 237-244.

de la Fuente, M., Skinner, L., Calvo, E., Pelejero, C. and Cacho, I. (2015) Increased reservoir ages and poorly ventilated deep waters inferred in the glacial Eastern Equatorial Pacific. Nat Commun 6.


Skinner, L., C. Waelbroeck, A. Scrivner, S. Fallon, Radiocarbon evidence for alternating northern and southern sources of ventilation of the deep Atlantic carbon pool during the last deglaciation, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 111 (2014), 5480-5484


Skinner, L., A. Scrivner, D. Vance, S. Barker, S. Fallon, C. Waelbroeck, North Atlantic versus Southern Ocean contributions to a deglacial surge in deep ocean ventilation, Geology 41 (2013) 667-670

Vázquez Riveiros, N., C. Waelbroeck, L. Skinner, J.-C. Duplessy, J.F. McManus, E.S. Kandiano, H.A. Bauch, The “MIS 11 paradox” and ocean circulation: role of millennial scale events, Earth and Planet. Sci. Lett. 371 (2013) 258-268

Channell, J.E.T., D. Hodell, V. Margari, L. Skinner, P.C. Tzedakis, M.S. Kesler, Biogenic magnetite, detrital hematite, and relative paleointensity in Quaternary sediments from the Southwest Iberian Margin, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 376 (2013) 99-109.

Hodell, D., S. Crowhurst, L. Skinner, P.C. Tzedakis, V. Margari, J.E.T. Channell, G. Kamenov, S. MacLachlan, G. Rothwell, Response of Iberian Margin sediments to orbital and suborbital forcing over the past 420 ka, Paleoceanography 28 (2013) 185-199.


Skinner L.C. A long view on climate sensitivity. Science (2012) 337, p.917-919.

Skinner L.C. Ocean circulation – Does large-scale ocean overturning circulation vary with climate change? (PAST). Pages News (2012), 20 (1), 15.


Tzedakis, P.C., E.W. Wolff, L.C. Skinner, V. Brovkin, D.A. Hodell, J.F. McManus, D. Raynaud, Can we predict the duration of an interglacial?, Clim. Past 8 (2011) 1473-1485.2011:

Tzedakis, P.C., J.E.T. Channell, D.A. Hodell, H.F. Kleiven, L.C. Skinner, Determining the natural length of the current interglacial, Nature Geoscience 5 (2011) 138-141.

Waelbroeck,C.,  L. Skinner, L. Labeyrie, J.-C. Duplessy, E. Michel, N. Vázquez Riveiros, J.-M. Gherardi, The timing of deglacial circulation changes in the Atlantic, Paleoceanography 26(2011) PA3213


Vázquez Riveiros, N., C. Waelbroeck, L. Skinner, D.M. Roche, J.-C. Duplessy, E. Michel, Response of South Atlantic deep waters to deglacial warming during Terminations V and I., Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 298(2010) 323-333.

Skinner, L. C., Fallon, S., Waelbroeck, C., Barker, S., and Michel, E.: Ventilation of the deep southern ocean and deglacial CO2 rise, Science, 2010.

Margari, V., Skinner, L. C., Tzedakis, P. C., Ganopolski, A., Vautravers, M., and Shackleton, N. J.: The penultimate glacial and the nature of millennial scale variability, Nature Geoscience, 2010.

Barker, S., Knorr, G., Vautravers, M., Diz, P., and Skinner, L.C. Extreme deepening of the Atlantic overturning circulation during deglaciation. Nature Geoscience 3, 567-571, 2010.


Skinner, L. C. (2009) Glacial-interglacial atmospheric CO2 change: a possible “standing volume” effect on deep-ocean carbon sequestration. Climate of the past, 5 (3). pp. 537-550.


Skinner, L. C.: Facing future climate change: Is the past relevant?, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A, 366, 4627-4645, 2008.

Skinner, L. C.: Revisiting the absolute calibration of the greenland ice-core age-scales, Clim. Past, 4, 295-302, 2008.


Skinner, L. C., and Elderfield, H.: Rapid fluctuations in the deep North Atlantic heat budget during the last glaciation, Paleoceanography, 22, PA1205, 2007.

Skinner, L. C., Elderfield, H., and Hall, M.: Phasing of millennial events and northeast atlantic deep-water temperature change since ~ 50 ka BP, in: Past and future changes of the ocean’s meridional overturning circulation: Mechanisms and impacts, edited by: Schmittner, A., Chiang, J., and Hemming, S. R., AGU Monograph, 197-208, 2007. (SkinElder&Hall_2007)


Skinner, L. C., and Shackleton, N. J.: Deconstructing Terminations I and II: Revisiting the glacioeustatic paradigm based on deep-water temperature estimates, Quat. Sci. Rev., 25, 3312-3321, 2006.


Skinner, L. C., and Elderfield, H.: Constraining ecological and biological bias in planktonic foraminiferal Mg/Ca and d18Occ: A multi-species approach to proxy calibration testing, Paleoceanography, 20, 1-15, 2005.

Skinner, L. C., and Shackleton, N. J.: An atlantic lead over pacific deep-water change across termination i: Implications for the application of the marine isotope stage stratigraphy, Quat. Sci. Rev., 24, 571-580, 2005.

Gherardi, J.-M., Labeyrie, L., McManus, J. F., Francois, R., Skinner, L. C., and Cortijo, E.: Evidence from the north eastern atlantic basin for variability of the meridional overturning circulation through the last deglaciation, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 240, 710-723, 2005.


Skinner, L. C., and Shackleton, N. J.: Rapid transient changes in Northeast Atlantic deep-water ventilation-age across Termination I, Paleoceanography, 19, 1-11, 2004.


Skinner, L. C., Shackleton, N. J., and Elderfield, H.: Millennial-scale variability of deep-water temperature and d18Odw indicating deep-water source variations in the Northeast Atlantic, 0-34 cal. Ka bp, Geochem. Geophys. Geosys., 4, 1-17, 2003.

Skinner, L. C., and McCave, I. N.: Analysis and modelling of gravity- and piston coring based on soil mechanics, Mar. Geol., 199, 181-204, 2003.